33rd & Pioneers
Akála Jewelry in Lincoln, NE
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Education

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JEWELRY GLOSSARY
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Below are definitions to some common jewelry terms. If there is a word that is not on this list, and you would like to learn its definition, please contact us.

Alloy:

The mixture of two or more metals which strengthens the metal, and/or enhances its appearance.

Bangle:

A bracelet that is rigid and slides over the hand. Bangle bracelets sometimes don't have a clasp.

Bead Setting:

Diamonds or color gemstones are set evenly with the surface of the metal, and secured by bead-like prongs between the stones.

Bezel Setting:

A diamond or gemstone is wrapped with the metal, where only the crown and table can be seen.

Blemish:

An imperfection on the surface of a diamond.

Brilliance:

The amount of sparkle or shine which is reflected from the diamond.

Cabochon:

A gemstone cut which is polished into a smooth, rounded dome-like surface, instead of having facets.

Carat Weight:

A diamond's measurement for weight, which is equal to 0.2 grams, as described in the four Cs of diamonds.

Cathedral Setting:

A setting that has cathedral-like arches on each side of the diamond or gemstone.

Channel Setting:

Diamonds or color gemstones are arranged adjacent to one another in a channel, with no metal between each stone.

Clasp:

A device which is used to fasten the end of chains, necklaces, bracelets and watches.

Cleavage:

Cracks, openings, or fractures in diamonds or color gemstones.

Cluster Setting:

Diamonds or color gemstones are grouped together, which can be arranged to look like one large stone.

Crown:

The upper part of a diamond or gemstone, beneath the table and above the girdle.

Culet:

The small facet on the bottom point of a diamond, beneath the pavilion. Not all diamonds have a culet.

Facet:

The flat surface on a diamond or color gemstones. The arrangement of a gemstone's facets determine its cut and return of light.

Fire:

The flashes of color that can be seen when a diamond or gemstone is moved or rotated.

Flawless:

The highest grading on the diamond clarity scale, which has no visible inclusions or blemishes under 10x magnification.

Flush Setting:

A hole is created in the metal surface, and a diamond or gemstone is placed inside, where its table is evenly set with the surface of the metal.

Four Cs

The four characteristics of a diamond - color, clarity, cut and carat weight - which are used to establish the quality and value of diamonds.

Girdle:

The middle section of a diamond or gemstone, which can be polished or faceted on a diamond, and typically unpolished on color gemstones.

Hardness:

The ability of a diamond or gemstone to resist scratches, which is measured using the Moh's scale of hardness from 1-10, with 10 being the hardest.

Ideal Cut:

An ideal cut diamond has the highest quality of proportions, symmetry and polish, and returns the maximum amount of light from the top of the diamond.

Inclusions:

The natural unique "fingerprints" within a diamond or gemstone, which consist of other elements such as minerals, gases, or other substances.

Inlaid Setting:

Diamonds or color gemstones are set flush within the surface of the metal, where a part of the metal setting is cut away and replaced by the stone.

Invisible Setting:

A diamond or gemstone is set in an arrangement where the metal cannot be seen, making it appear as there is no setting behind the stone.

Karat:

The standard measurement for gold, where 24 karats is pure gold. 14-karat or 18-karat gold is mixed with other metal alloys to strengthen it, and to enhance its appearance.

Moh's Scale:

The scale which is used to measure the hardness of a diamond or gemstone, or its resistance to scratches, ranging from 1-10, with 10 being the hardest.

Pave Setting:

Small diamonds or color gemstones are held in place by small handcrafted prongs, where all the tables of the stones are set evenly with the metal surface.

Pavilion:

The bottom portion of a diamond, between the girdle and the culet.

Pink Gold:

Pink gold is created when pure gold is combined with more copper than other alloys, and is sometimes called rose gold.

Polish:

The amount of smoothness, or shininess on a metal's surface. The more polished, the more light reflects off a metal's surface.

Play of Color:

The spectral colors that can be seen in an opal when it is rotated or moved.

Prong Setting:

A diamond or gemstone is mounted to the metal with prongs that wrap around its girdle, and are usually secured to the crown of the stone.

Proportions:

The relationship of a diamond's parts to one another, such as crown angle, crown height and table percentage, which ultimately determine a stone's brilliance.

Scintillation:

The flashes of light that can be seen in a diamond when rotated under a natural or artificial light source.

Solitaire:

Rings, pendants, earrings, bracelets, or necklaces that feature one diamond in its setting.

Symmetry:

The precision of the alignment of a diamond’s facets. The more symmetrical, the better the return of light.

Table:

The flat surface on the top of a diamond or gemstone.

Tension Setting:

A diamond or gemstone is suspended inside the metal setting, where most of the diamond is exposed.

Toughness:

The ability for a diamond or gemstone to resist breakage (or fracturing) from impact.

White Gold:

Made by combining pure gold with copper, zinc and nickel (or palladium) alloy, such as rhodium.

Yellow Gold:

Gold that retains its natural yellow color. Pure gold is typically combined with copper and silver alloys to enhance its durability.
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